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生如夏花 Life be beautiful like summer flowers

2020年07月10日 08:23  点击:[]

他的一生如同他诗中写的那样,"生如夏花之绚烂,死如秋叶之静美"。他是印度史诗级诗人,第一位获得诺贝尔文学奖的亚洲人,他的作品影响了徐志摩、谢婉莹等一代文豪,其作品的译者郑振铎惶恐自己的文字不能保留诗中特有的美丽和含蓄的风韵,他就是泰戈尔。2019级预防一班通过腾讯会议举行了"生如夏花"线上读诗会,老师同学们共赏泰戈尔的《新月集》、《飞鸟集》等作品,体味其中的优美静谧。

泰戈尔是一位乐观主义者,对于死亡,他有着独特的认知,他在自传中写到:"死亡并不会让存在变黑,就像天空不会把鸟的双翼染成蓝色一样。"他认为不朽的生命是在欢乐的形式中显现的,而这种欢乐的别名就是爱,先知所说的"万物从喜中生,依喜而养,向喜而进,入喜而终"其实是爱的赞歌,即"宇宙从爱中生,依爱而养,向爱而进,入爱而终"。这些明亮的暖色调也被他晕染进了诗中。

泰戈尔也是一位浪漫主义者,带着诗人独有的细腻,描绘着梦幻奇特的画面,斟酌着触碰心弦的字句。

在他的诗中山川草木都好似有了生命,或动或静,或顽皮的捕捉星星,或深沉的等待,自然风景是一幅幅有声有色的画,读出诗句的我们如临其境。

泰戈尔的诗歌是美的,同时也是富有智慧和哲理的,不论是"如果你因为失去了太阳而流泪,那么你也将失去群星了",还是"我们把世界看错了,反说它欺骗我们"都可以看出,他能够用最简短的词句表达出深刻的道理,从他的自传中关于灵魂、个体与宇宙、无限的实现等问题的议论也可以窥见其卓异的思想深度。

泰戈尔的诗还有一个很大的特点,他擅长运用儿童的语言进行表达,比如《新月集》中《金色花》和《纸船》等篇章,孩子对于母亲的眷恋和儿童玩耍时天真烂漫的形象跃然纸上。

他曾说:"一个诗人只有在他的个人思想为全人类带来欢乐时,他才是真正的诗人。"欢乐是没有形式的,热闹是一种欢乐,平和也是一种欢乐,音乐家创造欢乐所以有了宫商角徵,建筑师创造欢乐所以有了亭台楼阁,泰戈尔创造欢乐,所以半个世纪以来,千千万万个读者一遍遍看着这些诗集,每一次都回味无穷。

在飞鸟集的结尾泰戈尔写道:"我相信你的爱,让这句话做我最后的话。"他正是这样一个伟大的人,永怀着爱与信仰,并用一生将这份爱与信仰传递与世人。


His life was just like his poem "let life be beautiful like summer flowers and death like autumn leaves." He was a great poet from India and the first Asian to win the Nobel Prize for Literature. His works influenced the generation of literary masters such as Xu Zhimo and Xie Wanying. Zheng Zhenduo, the translator of his works, was afraid that his words could not retain the unique beauty and implicit charm in his poems. Our class held "living like summer flowers" theme reading poem meeting. Teachers and students enjoy Tagore's "Crescent", "Stray Birds" and other works, appreciating the beautifully quiet in it.

Rabindranath Tagore was an optimist. He had a unique understanding of death. In his autobiography, tagore wrote, "Death does not darken existence any more than the sky does the wings of a bird blue." He thinks that the immortal life is revealed in the form of joy, and the alias of this joy is love. The prophet's words "all things are born out of joy, and are bred in joy, and come in joy, and end in joy" is actually a hymn of love, which is, "The universe is born out of love, and is raised in love, and comes in love, and ends in love." These bright warm tones are also imprinted into the poem.

"Every child comes with the message

that the God is not yet discouraged of man."

"Once we dreamt that we were strangers.

We wake up to find that we were dear to each other."

"His own mornings are new surprises to God."

 Full of warmth, hope and tolerance, these lines admonish people not to read strangers and gods with malice, knowing that the prize for love is an equally loving heart.

Tagore was also a romantic, portraying fantastic images and words that touched the heart with the poet's peculiar delicacy.

"The hills are like shouts of children

who raises their arms, trying to catch the star."

"The evening sky to me is like a window,

and a lighted lamp,  and a waiting behind it."

In his poems, mountains, rivers and trees seem to have life, moving or quiet, or naughty catching the stars, or deep waiting. The natural scenery is a vivid picture, reading the poem as if we were there.

"My heart beats her waves at the shore of the world

and writes upon it her signature in tears with the world

I love these"

"You smiled and talked to me of nothing

and I felt that for this I had been waiting long"

"The fish in the water is silent

The animal on the earth is noisy

The bird in the air is singing

But man has in him the silence of the sea

and noise of the earth and the music of the air"

He was always able to express human emotions with poetic beauty.

Tagore's poem is beautiful, but also full of wisdom and philosophy. Whether it is "if you shed tears when you miss the sun, you also miss the stars", or "we read the world wrong and say that it deceives us." can we know that he is able to use the shortest words to express the profound truth. From his autobiography about soul, individual and talk about the problems of the universe, the realization of the infinite can we also see its exceptional depth of thought.

Tagore also has a great characteristic in his poems, which he is good at using children's language to express. For example, in chapters such as "Golden Flower" and "Paper Boat" in "New Moon", children's sentimental attachment to their mother and naive images of children playing appear on the paper.

He once said, "A poet is a poet only when his own thoughts bring joy to all mankind." Joy is not in the form. Busy is a kind of joy. Peace is also a kind of joy. Joy tomusicians to create a business Angle and the palace architects create joy so with pavilions. tagore created joy, so half a century, thousands of readers would look at these poems.

At the end of The Stray Birds tagore wrote, "Let this be my last word, that I trust thy love ." He is just such a great man, always with love and faith, and he used his life to spread the love and faith to the world.

I believe that class can also find the charm behind the poem "living like summer flowers, dying like autumn leaves".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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